Health and Safety
Tanzania is in general a safe, hassle-free country. That said, you do need to take the usual precautions and keep up with government travel advisory.
Avoid isolated areas, especially isolated stretches of beach. In cities and tourist areas take a taxi at night.
Only take taxis from established taxi ranks or hotels. Never enter a taxi that already has someone else in it other than the driver. Never pay any money for a safari or trek in advance until you’ve thoroughly checked out the company.
When using public transport, don’t accept drinks or food from someone you don’t know. Be skeptical of anyone who comes up to you on the street asking whether you remember them from the airport, your hotel or wherever. Take requests for donations from ‘refugees’, ‘students’ or others with a grain of salt. Contributions to humanitarian causes are best done through an established agency or project.
Be wary of anyone who approaches you on the street, at the bus station or in your hotel offering safari deals or claiming to know you.
In tourist areas, especially Arusha, Moshi and Zanzibar Island, touts can be quite pushy, especially around bus stations and budget tourist hotels. Do what you can to minimise the impression that you’re a newly arrived tourist: walk with purpose, and duck into a shop if you need to get your bearings or look at a map.
Arriving for the first time at major bus stations, have your luggage as consolidated as possible, with your valuables well hidden under your clothes. Try to spot the taxi area before disembarking and make a beeline for it. It’s well worth a few extra dollars for the fare. While looking for a room, leave your bag with a friend or reliable hotel rather than walking around town with it. Buy your bus tickets a day or two in advance
Carry your passport, money and other documents in a pouch against your skin, hidden under loose-fitting clothing. Or store valuables in a hotel safe, if there’s a reliable one, ideally inside a pouch with a lockable zip to prevent tampering. Keep the side windows up in vehicles when stopped in traffic and keep your bags out of sight
Solo Travel in Tanzania:
While solo travellers may be a minor curiosity in rural areas, especially solo women travellers, there are no particular issues with travelling solo in Tanzania, whether you’re male or female. The times when it’s advantageous to join a group are for safaris and treks (when going in a group can be a significant cost-saver) and when going out at night. If you go out alone at night, take taxis and use extra caution, especially in urban and tourist areas. Whatever the time of day, avoid isolating situations, including lonely stretches of beach.
Malaria risk is high throughout the country in Tanzania, except in high altitude mountains over 2000m (including Ngorongoro crater rim, Mt Kilimanjaro and parts of the Eastern Arc Mountains). Most safari parks are high-risk zones. The highest risk is in rural areas. You should be aware of the risk but it should not stop you from coming to these wonderful destinations and enjoying your African safari.
There are over a million visitors to Tanzania and only a few cases of malaria reported.
Malaria - Precautions
Malaria precautions are essential in all areas below 1800m, all year round. Avoid mosquito bites by covering up with clothing such as long sleeves and long trousers especially after sunset, using insect repellents on exposed skin and, when necessary, sleeping under a mosquito net.
The information for malaria prophylaxis outlined here is intended as a guideline only and may differ according to where you live, your health status, age, trip itinerary, type of travel, and length of stay. Seek further advice from your physician or travel health clinic for the malaria prophylactic regimen most appropriate to your needs.
NO animal feedings:
You may not feed any animals even monkeys and baboons that might run around in the camps. It's a serious offence and you will be fined heavily. If animals are fed they will lose their natural fear of humans and could become aggressive.
Safety from Wild animals at night:
While staying at African safari lodges and camps you are typically far removed from human settlement, you will be safe as long as you follow all the Park rules. Make sure you are at your booked camp or the vehicle before as per instructions given by your driver guide. Occasionally, monkey or baboon can be found roaming around in the Camp but they present no danger to you.